Bibliography: p. 167-194.
|Series||Biomedical engineering and computation series ;, v. 2|
|LC Classifications||QP471 .V34|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiii, 194 p. :|
|Number of Pages||194|
|LC Control Number||79009693|
1. Author(s): Valentinuzzi,Máximo, Title(s): The organs of equilibrium and orientation as a control system/ Máximo Valentinuzzi. Country of Publication: Switzerland Publisher: Chur, [Switzerland] ; New York: Harwood Academic Publishers, c Equilibrium is maintained in response to two kinds of motion: Static equilibrium maintains the position of the head in response to linear movements of the body, such as starting to walk or stopping. Dynamic equilibrium maintains the position of the head in response to rotational motion of the body, such as rocking (as in a boat) or turning. In addition to the otolith organs and the visual system, the proprioceptive sense of the body plays a significant role in one's perception of verticality. Equilibrium The Vestibular System (Equilibrium) Along with audition, the inner ear is responsible for encoding information about equilibrium, the sense of balance.A similar mechanoreceptor—a hair cell with stereocilia—senses head position, head movement, and whether our bodies are in motion.
•Locomotion: by Muscular system, and the skeletal system provides the bony framework that the muscles pull on as they work •Movement of substances such as blood, foodstuffs, and urine are propelled through internal organs of the cardiovascular, digestive, and urinary systems, respectively. Dr. Naim Kittana, Dr. Suhaib Hattab by control methods and the above are examples of what automatic control systems are designed to do, without human intervention. Control is used whenever quantities such as speed, altitude, temperature, or voltage must be made to behave in some desirable way over time. This section provides an introduction to control system design methods. P.A. Introduction to Control Systems In this lecture, we lead you through a study of the basics of control system. After completing the chapter, you should be able to Describe a general process for designing a control system. Understand the purpose of control engineering Examine examples of control systems. Homeostasis is a dynamic equilibrium that is maintained in body tissues and organs. It is dynamic because it is constantly adjusting to the changes that the systems encounter. It is an equilibrium because body functions are kept within a normal range, with Author: Charles Molnar, Jane Gair, Molnar, Charles, Gair, Jane.
Chapter 1: The Human Body - An Orientation 1. The Human Body – An Orientation Anatomy (ana = apart; -to m y = to cut) - the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts --heart and bones Physiology (physio = nature ; -o lo g y = the study o f) - study of how the body and its parts work or function --function of the heart to keep blood flowing **both are always related. The organs of equilibrium of cephalopods are complex. Statocysts in the form of vesicles are located in a capsule of the cranial cartilage; however, even in octopuses their removal causes only slight disruption of orientation ability. Excitation of the sensory cells of statocysts is transmitted to the central sections of the nervous system. Homeostasis – Your Notes Keeps internal environ. stable which is always changing (dynamic state of equilibrium) Needed for normal body function & Life An inbalance = a disease Homeostasis – Your Notes Keeps internal environ. stable which is always changing (dynamic state of equilibrium) Needed for normal body function & Life An inbalance = a disease Body Landmarks Anterior Body Landmarks . Classify by organ system all organs discussed. The body communicates through neural and hormonal control systems. Receptor. Responds to changes in the environment (stimuli) Sends information to control center. Maintaining Homeostasis. Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation.